The world's largest solar power plant has been launched in China

    Energy 19 June 2024 1130

    The world's largest solar power plant has been integrated into China's energy system. Its peak power reaches 5 GW, and up to 6 kWh of electric energy is generated during the year of operation.

    Now three of the world's largest solar farms are located in China: two with 3 GW and one with 5 GW. This is so much that, according to analysts, national power lines are no longer able to cope with the distribution of output, writes

    According to the grandiose plan of the Chinese authorities, 455 GW of generating capacity should be created in the country using renewable energy sources - solar and wind. Solar stations are being created in remote desert areas of the country, from where energy is transferred to the central and eastern coastal megacities. This implies the creation of state-of-the-art power transmission lines with reduced losses. In addition, scientists do not yet fully understand the degree of influence of electromagnetic fields of such lines on the ecosystem and climate. But the head is afraid, but the hands do.

    A solar farm with a capacity of 5 GW is spread over an area of 81 thousand hectares near the capital of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of Urumqi. An approximate calculation says that the capacity of this power plant will be enough to provide 2 million electric vehicles with energy all year round. This means, for example, that to supply energy to the entire fleet of US cars (285 million), if they were electric, a solar farm with an area of the state of Pennsylvania would be required.

    However, there are a lot of other benefits from solar power plants, except for the exploitation of free solar energy. First, they support the Chinese economy. Secondly, they displace fossil energy with its emissions. Thirdly, it allows for the rational use of a territory that has no other benefits. This is not the best solution for densely populated countries, but no one prevents them from generating energy in deserts and, for example, transmitting it to Europe via underwater cables.